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PTO Officer Elections FAQs

How do you run a PTO election? Answers to the most common questions.
by Christy Forhan

How do we elect our officers?
First and foremost, check your bylaws. If they include election guidelines, you have an obligation to follow them. If there aren’t any election guidelines in your bylaws, you should be guided by Robert’s Rules of Order. But even RRO offers a lot of latitude for nominating officers and electing officers. So your PTO is free to develop the method that works best for your membership.

Usually, elections are fairly informal until the PTO encounters a controversial election. Unfortunately, at that point it’s hard to formalize the process without alienating some of the members. It’s better to set some policies now than to be caught unprepared in the future.

Below are the basics for nominating and electing officers. Use this guide to develop your own approach, and then secure the approval of that approach from your membership so there is no confusion over how and when new officers are elected.

Nominating PTO Officers

Who manages the nomination process?

Many large PTOs establish a nominating committee made up of three to five members.

The job of the nominating committee is to promote the upcoming election, explain the requirements for the elected positions, reach out to potential candidates, accept nominations, and manage the actual election process. The nominating committee must be unbiased throughout its work.

Many people feel uncertain of their ability to take on a PTO office. The nominating committee can help demystify the jobs and encourage members to step forward to lead the PTO.

If your PTO is small, the nomination and election process can be handled by the current officers, as long as they sincerely attempt to be unbiased and open to new nominees.

In most PTOs, self-nomination is the norm. If a member is nominated by someone else, the nominee must agree to the nomination before her name is put into consideration.

Who can be nominated?

Generally only members of the PTO are eligible to be nominated for elected office. However, if the bylaws do not stipulate this requirement, it is conceivable that a nonmember may present herself for nomination. (Your bylaws should also define who is considered a member of the group.)

Some PTOs might have more stringent requirements, such as a formal succession plan (for example, “you must serve at least one term as assistant treasurer before you can be nominated for treasurer”).

How are nominations announced?

So that members can carefully consider the candidates, it is wise to announce the names and a brief bio of the nominees in advance of the election meeting. You can send an email to your members, list the nominees in your newsletter, post the names on a bulletin board, etc.

Must we allow nominations “from the floor”?

Yes, Robert’s Rules of Order allows nominations from the floor. This means that people can be nominated right up until the time that the members are ready to vote. Using standard parliamentary procedure, the members must move to “close nominations” before the vote begins. Until nominations are formally closed, new nominees can be added, even if it’s a member who seems to have come out of nowhere.

Should our candidates give a speech or debate one another?

Even in large PTOs, officers are not elected based on a platform or a particular point of view. So there really is no need for a formal campaign or debate. However, to ensure that the election is more than just a popularity contest, it is good practice to have the nominees introduce themselves at the election meeting. Nominees should share why they want to be elected, highlights of their PTO service, and any special skills they bring to the PTO.

Ensure a Smooth Officer Transition

Download our Officer Transition Survival Kit and get your new officers up to speed quickly and prepared to hit the ground running.

Electing and Voting on PTO Officers

Who can vote?

Only members who are present can vote, unless otherwise specified in your bylaws.

If your bylaws are vague on the definition of “member,” then you should clarify the voting rules before the actual election. For example, should you allow one vote per person or one vote per household? Are teachers and administrators allowed to vote?

Most PTOs do not allow absentee voting. According to Robert’s Rules of Order, absentee voting is invalid unless your bylaws specifically allow it. Save yourself lots of hassle—do not allow absentee voting.

How should we cast our votes?

If you’re holding a formal election (as opposed to just recruiting your next officers informally), then you should prepare paper ballots for your election meeting. A show of hands is also acceptable, but it might prove embarrassing for the candidates.

Names of known nominees should be preprinted on the ballots, with space available to add any nominees from the floor.

If your PTO is concerned about voter impropriety, you can hand out ballots to members as they sign in for the meeting. Be sure to have a current membership list on hand to validate attendees.

Two or three PTO members who are not officers and not running for office, possibly along with one representative from the school such as the principal, should count the ballots privately. Consider saving the counted ballots in a sealed envelope in case there is some doubt about the validity of the outcome.

Should we vote for individuals or a “slate”?

That’s up to your PTO, but determine your policy long before your nominations begin. Some members might plan to run together, as a group. They believe they could be a good team, and they want to be considered for election as such. However, you might have other members interested in running for office who are not part of a slate. This situation could make for a very awkward election. For this reason, some PTOs ban the nomination of a slate and elect each individual position on its own.

How do we determine the winner?

For the most part, majority rules. However, if your bylaws allow for co-officers (for example, copresidents), then you need to plan how the “co-” winners will be determined. How do you decide whether you are electing one president or two copresidents? Do the top two vote-getters automatically share the job? What if there are three nominees for the position? Would you allow three people to share one office as “tri-officers”? These details need to be worked out in advance.

When do the new officers take over?

Typically, the bylaws will define the transition date. In some PTOs, the new officers take over immediately upon election. In other groups, the existing officers serve until the last day of school. Another approach is to transition at the start of the PTO’s fiscal year. If your bylaws are silent on this topic, Robert’s Rules of Order stipulates that elections take effect immediately.



#20 ed houser 2014-12-11 19:30
What is it called when only one person is running for office and the president can cast a ballot to give the person the position?
#19 Craig Bystrynski 2013-11-08 19:48
Lily -- There are an awful lot of step-parents around these days. I can't imagine why a PTO would want to keep them out. In fact, it seems like a good thing for a child to have both mother and step-mother so involved. Hopefully these two women can keep the best interests of the child and school at heart.

As for someone with no experience becoming an officer, good for her for taking this on when others didn't. It's certainly not uncommon for new officers learn on the job.
#18 Lily 2013-11-08 18:48
Wondering if there is a policy or bylaws that allow a non-parent (step-parent) become an officer? We have a situation: with a step-parent becoming an officer and she is never involved with her step-child's school until now. The biological mother is one of the volunteers and she is very active with her son's school. This is a conflict of interest.
#17 Stacey 2013-06-07 20:11
We had our PTO board elections last night. Noone was on the ballot for VP, therefore, that position was not voted on and remains vacant. However, after the meeting, someone expressed interest in this position. How can we proceed to get this person eleted? Can we hold a special meeting/electio n? Our bylaws only state that there is a yearly election.
#16 Tammy Plaster 2012-10-23 01:54
We are a new PTO just starting & currently do not have any elected officials.
We are running right now with 1 person that went to the principal, told them what she wanted & he allowed her to speak at Open House to start getting people going to get a PTO started. We are trying to do a consencus vote on everything at the moment.
There are a small amount of people (10 or so) & nobody really knows each other.
How do we handle elections or should we just have people appointed for the 1st year or do we attempt to have an election? We really want to get it going & recruit more people but we know we need a board just aren't sure how to go about it.
#15 karen 2012-10-22 18:35
Can someone get nominated from the floor even though they went through the nominating process/intervi ew and was not selected by the nominating committee?
#14 Craig Bystrynski 2012-10-03 14:39
Rosario -- Unless your bylaws require the principal or vice principal to be present (and that would be a very unusual rule), their absence wouldn't negate the vote.

In situations like this, it's helpful to have a frank talk with the principal about what his real concerns are. There's some reason underlying his objection -- see if you can get to the bottom of that. When you find out what it is, you might find a compromise that makes him feel better and doesn't involve new elections.
#13 Rosario 2012-09-30 13:17
At the end of 2011-2012 school year the school where my daughter attends sent out a paper stating that they wanted to change from PTA to PTO and that a meeting was being held for election of officers. Officers were elected, but then this past thursday they held another meeting and elected officers again. When this was brought up, it was said that the last meeting was invalid and so was the election of officers because the school principle nor the vice principle were present and had no idea that a meeting had taken place much less an election of officers. Yet notices were sent home with the students. Does school admin have to be present at the meeting? Is what I was told correct?
#12 Genie 2012-09-17 14:25
Is a person allowed to hold a PTO office if they do now have children currently enrolled in the district?
#11 Genie 2012-09-17 14:23
Can you hold a PTO office if your children do not attend school within the district?

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